Pillay (2002:5) expressed that the intention of the National Education Act B.E. 2542 is to improve the quality of education and to align it with processes that produce citizens who can contribute to and engage in a market-driven, global economy. He also a need of the National Education Act B.E. 2542 is to change the locus of responsibility for individual professional development for the current system provided by the government to one that is responsive to market needs and generated and provided by individual themselves.
to successfully implement the education reform, a number of key areas must be addressed including the approaches to learning (learning reform), curriculum reform, professionalization of teachers, appropriate assessment, use of technology, and considering unique Thai cultural aspects (Atagi, 2002: 3).
The top goal of Thailand's education reform is to improve the quality of education (Atagi, 2002: 24).
The ultimate aim of the learning reform that is a heart of the education reform is a quality improvement of the Thai people for sustainable development of the country (ONEC, 2000c cited by Atagi, 2002: 28).