There are many institutions having responsive to teacher training and development in Thailand.
Ministry of Education (MOE)
Rajabhats (Teacher Training Colleges)
There are 36 Rajabhats (Pillay, 2002: 30) providing credit courses range from Certificate in Education programs to Doctoral programs. Moreover, they also have special programs offered during the weekends for teachers to upgrade their skills (Pillay, 2002: 32). It is commented that the curriculum is out-of-date.
There are 229 Faculties of Education in university (Pillay, 2002: 30) providing credit courses range from Certificate in Education programs to Doctoral programs.It is commented that the curriculum is out-of-date.
The Education Television and Radio and the open universities such as …. provide distance learning through print-based learning, audio- and visual- learning, on-line and television-based learning (Pillay, 2002: 30). They are provided to teachers in rural schools (Pillay, 2002: 30).
Although technical equipments is available, there is a need to be upgraded (Pillay, 2002: 30).
Moreover, the current television cameras on wheels with boom microphones will not be useful to capture real classroom situations easily (Pillay, 2002: 30). Quality of the images may also need improving (Pillay, 2002: 30). The new interactive real-time, rapid feedback design is needed (Pillay, 2002: 30).
Moreover, the traditional computer lab model may not be appropriate for Thailand because it restricts the natural use of the ICT facilities and consequently does not foster a close relationship between the community and its school, which is highly valued in Thai culture (Pillay, 2002: 31).
Some materials is basically old content in a new format with little interactive process (Pillay, 2002: 31).
The Institute for the Promotion of the Teaching of Science and Technology (IPST)
Mentoring of National and Master Teachers
There is a shortage of national and master teachers, Moreover, the national and master teachers can only discuss and mentor one method that they are given the award for (Pillay, 2002: 34).